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                                                      新GRE考試句子填空題的改變及應對策略

                                                      Edward
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                                                      日前,美國教育考試服務中心(ETS)宣布將在2011年8月推出經過改革后的新GRE常規測試。新GRE常規測試是ETS在美國研究生院為代表的教育界的指導下,經多年研究而完成的,是GRE實施60年來很為重要的一次變革。

                                                      依據GRE出題機構ETS官網發布的訊息,新的GRE考試將在2010年推出,其中在題型上作了很大調整,單獨的詞匯即類比反義詞部分取消了。而保留下來部分中,填空部分變化很大。下面就變化與策略等相干狀況作一個論述。

                                                      (一)新舊題型差異

                                                      從官網訊息來看,考試作了較大得調整。

                                                      如下表:

                                                      特點

                                                      舊題型

                                                      新題型

                                                      考試內容

                                                      單個句子

                                                      1-2

                                                      個空格

                                                      5

                                                      選1

                                                      題型一:段落

                                                      段落題目1-N

                                                      (數)個空格

                                                      3

                                                      選1

                                                      題型二:單個句子

                                                      單句題目1-2

                                                      空格

                                                      6

                                                      選2

                                                      得分難度

                                                      選擇唯一正確答案

                                                      難度首要來自對單詞理解與邏輯的分析

                                                      段落題目要將全部空格填完并且完全正確才得分

                                                      單句題目要兩個選項都入選才正確

                                                      (二)變與不變的辯證

                                                      如表所示:新考題在形式上是做了較大得調整。題干、選項、或者是計分原則都有變化??墒?,假如剝離這些表面東西后,大伙能夠發現其實核心的東西沒有任何變化——GRE依舊是一個以句子、段落為載體的邏輯考試。

                                                      就題目而言,樣題的題目就有幾個題目是大伙明確知道出處的。SampleTextCompletionQuestions第4題是來自92我國題目;而SampleSentenceEquivalenceQuestions第2題是no9的題目。答案都一樣,只是在干擾選項上做了一點調整(詳細見樣題分析)。

                                                      換句話說,是形式作了一點微調,核心東西都沒有變化。

                                                      (三)備考策略調整

                                                      那么,關于廣大考生來講。備考中關于這些細節應當怎樣看待吶?或說,應當在詳細復習與解題操作上作出哪些調整,才能在很少的時間內,盡快將這一個變化適應過來吶?

                                                      1.背誦并深刻理解紅寶上填空部分單詞。并按照考試新要求,本人嘗試作類別詞匯收集。來源:考試大

                                                      2.踏實提高 英語標準,充分重視長句,難句閱讀本領提升。

                                                      3.認真研究過去考題。沒有必要覺得考試改革了,將舊題完全否定,相反,我覺得應當把舊題更加積極利用起來。不僅僅是消極做題,還要按照從樣題來的思路模擬ETS思路,看這些題目能夠怎樣改進變成新題。題干能夠做哪些調整,題目單詞能夠加入哪些做替換。倘能如此,何愁GRE不克。

                                                      (四)GRE 樣題分析

                                                      Text Completion Questions 段落完成疑問(段落完型填空)

                                                      Text Completion questions include a passage composed of one to five sentences with one to three blanks. There are three answer choices per blank, or five answer choices if there is a single blank. There is a single correct answer, consisting of one choice for each blank. The examinee receives no credit for partially correct answers.

                                                      段落完型部分包含一個段落含有1至5個疑問,每一個疑問有1至3個空格。每一個空格(空格數量在兩個之上)有3個備選答案,而關于空格數量者則有5個備選答案。每空只有一個正確答案??忌挥袑⑷看鸢缸鰧υ擃}才得分,即:空格在兩個之上者不分開計分。

                                                      Sample Text Completion Questions 段落完型樣題Directions:For each blank select one entry from the corresponding column of choices. Fill all blanks in the way that best completes the text.

                                                      答題指令:請在每一個空格相應的欄目中選取能很好完善短文的備選答案。

                                                      1. It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics: well aware of the political disputes about the effects of hu*n activities on cli*te and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to (2)__________ his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the *ny aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet.

                                                      Blank (1)

                                                      Blank(2)

                                                      Blank (3)

                                                      overshadowed

                                                      enhance

                                                      plausibility of our hypotheses

                                                      invalidated

                                                      obscure

                                                      certainty of our entitlement

                                                      illuminated

                                                      underscore

                                                      superficiality of our theories

                                                      Answer choices for question 1.

                                                      Answer: overshadowed,obscure, andsuperficiality of our theories

                                                      第一空線索:

                                                      讀某本書能帶來refreshing效果,則表明這本書作者寫作的效果是有讓大伙refreshing的效果或預期。因而,他“does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics”不會讓政治“politics”對這本書作什么作用吶?自然是不會讓政治使其破壞這本書“refreshing”的特點。則,第一空從正負就能夠將illuminated排除。詳細選擇“overshadowed”“invalidated”還要參看第二空。

                                                      第二空線索:

                                                      第二空線索說作者不允許them怎樣。往前尋找them指代,很容易發現:them是politics。這一個樣子一來,馬上能夠看到這一個樣子的重復:

                                                      an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics

                                                      = this author does not permit them to (2)__________

                                                      全是說作者不允許政治對書做怎樣的動作。則兩空是同義重復。又因為第一空推出動作是負面的。故兩空全是負面的。則第二空是obscure, 而第一空也就只能是overshadow。#p#副標題#e#

                                                      第三空線索:  實際上是三個并列重復,同一時間與一個分詞構成手段與目的重復。

                                                      He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the *ny aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood

                                                      即:

                                                      the enormous gaps in our knowledge,

                                                      =the sparseness of our observations,

                                                      =(and) the (3)__________,

                                                      =calling attention to the *ny aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood

                                                      能夠推斷空格應當填寫一個負面評價。

                                                      2.

                                                      Vain and prone to violence, Caravaggio could not handle success: the more his (1)__________ as an artist increased, the more (2)__________ his life became.

                                                      Blank (1)

                                                      Blank (2)

                                                      temperance

                                                      tumultuous

                                                      notoriety

                                                      providential

                                                      eminence

                                                      dispassionate

                                                      Answer choices for question 2.

                                                      Answer choices for question 2.

                                                      Answer: eminenceandtumultuous

                                                      句子很簡單,邏輯也很清晰。冒號引出解釋關系。已知部分說Caravaggio具有如下特點:Vain(1) and prone to violence(2),could not handle success(3);則后面也要重復這兩個特點。則后面the more …, the more所引導的內容也應當是重復這兩個特點。兩空都應當是負面詞匯且重復Vain(1) , prone to violence(2),could not handle success(3)。則答案是eminence(-)=tumultuous(-)。

                                                      一本人的虛榮,行為易傾向于狂暴,不能善待本人的成功;則越成功越易瘋狂激動。

                                                      3.

                                                      The author´s (1)__________ style renders a fascinating subject, the role played by luck in everyday life, extraordinarily (2)__________.

                                                      Blank (1)

                                                      Blank (2)

                                                      soporific

                                                      pedantic

                                                      lucid

                                                      tedious

                                                      colloquial

                                                      opaque

                                                      Answer choices for question 3.

                                                      Answer: soporificandtedious

                                                      第一空線索:作者怎樣風格描繪了主體。插入語描述主體特點是the role played by luck in everyday life。

                                                      第二空線索:評價作者對subject描述具有怎樣特點。應當與第一空呼應。即兩空是同義詞。

                                                      即是soporific=tedious。

                                                      4.

                                                      From the outset, the concept of * of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations was challenged by a contrary notion — that of the _______ of the oceans for reasons of national security and profit.

                                                      promotion

                                                      exploration

                                                      surveying

                                                      conservation

                                                      appropriation

                                                      Answer choices for question 4.

                                                      Answer: appropriation

                                                      句子來自92我國題目??墒沁x項不一樣。

                                                      A promotion

                                                      B exploration

                                                      C surviving

                                                      D conservation

                                                      E enclosure

                                                      (1)主干是:the concept … was challenged by a contrary notion;即:the concept <> notion

                                                      (2)由“of”引出的“the concept”的詳細內容:* of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations,海洋獨立于國家全部權。則notion 應當說:海洋應當隸屬國家全部權。

                                                      因而答案是appropriation。與原來題目相比,不過是把單詞替換了一下。由此可見,這一個改革貌似也不過如此,沒有什么技術含量。

                                                      Sentence Equivalence Questions句子平衡疑問

                                                      Sentence Equivalence questions consist of a single sentence, one blank, and six answer choices. These questions require the examinee to select two of the answer choices. The examinee receives no credit for partially correct answers.

                                                      句子平衡疑問包含一個句子,一個空格,6個選項。要求考生在其中選出2個答案。只選出一個答案不得分。

                                                      Sample Sentence Equivalence Questions 句子平衡疑問樣題

                                                      Directions:Select thetwoanswer choices that, when used to complete the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a wholeand

                                                      答題指令:選擇

                                                      1.

                                                      Although it does contain some pioneering ideas, one would hardly characterize the work as __________.

                                                      A. orthodox

                                                      B. eccentric

                                                      C. original

                                                      D. trifling

                                                      E. conventional

                                                      F. innovative

                                                      Answer: C and F

                                                      句子很簡單?!癮lthough”引出一個轉折關系邏輯。前面說有一部分“pioneering ideas”,后面則應當否定“pioneering ideas”。否定已經由hardly表達出來。因而空格應當填寫“pioneering ideas”。答案即是C、F。

                                                      2.

                                                      The corporation expects only _______ increases in sales next year despite a yearlong effort to revive its retailing business.

                                                      A. dynamic

                                                      B. predictable

                                                      C. expanding

                                                      D. modest

                                                      E. slight

                                                      F. volatile

                                                      Answer: D and E

                                                      “despite”引出相反邏輯重復。后面說這一個公司打算了很久了。正常狀況下應當是很大得經濟增長。轉折后說增長很少即可。答案是D&E。

                                                      題目來自no 9的題目。同樣將選項單詞做了一下變化。其中答案單詞modest沒替換,還加入了同義單詞slight。原題目如下:

                                                      The corporation expects only __ increases in sales next year despite a yearlong effort to revive its retailing business.

                                                      A unquestionable

                                                      B sequential

                                                      C modest

                                                      D exaggerated

                                                      E groundless

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